[Historical Documents] First Official Gazette issue after liberation from Japanese occupation, April 1945

Note: Every once in a while, I take breaks from bar review to look at historical documents available in the library where I review. Hundreds of Official Gazettes and legislative deliberations lay untouched and unopened, waiting for a historian to open them. I am sharing here in my blog whatever I find interesting, to pique the curiosity of others who may want to look further.


These are select pages from the first issue of the Official Gazette under the Commonwealth government after liberation from Japanese occupation. Note the volume number, 41, compared to the Japanese-era Official Gazettes.

Note the Executive Order creating Greater Manila and signed by Jorge B. Vargas, later Chairman of the Japanese-controlled Philippine Executive Commission, and the Executive Order which explains why we drive on the right side of the road.

[Historical Documents] Selected Pages of the World War II/Second Republic-era Official Gazette

Note: Every once in a while, I take breaks from bar review to look at historical documents available in the library where I review. Hundreds of Official Gazettes and legislative deliberations lay untouched and unopened, waiting for a historian to open them. I am sharing here in my blog whatever I find interesting, to pique the curiosity of others who may want to look further.


This is the cover page of Volume 1, No. 3 of the Official Gazette under the Japanese-sponsored, Laurel-led Republic of the Philippines.

The next images are from No. 5 of the same volume. Note Laurel’s Executive Order creating a committee to draft a “Civic Code”. Perhaps it’s a typo for “Civil Code”.

The pages below are from number 7 of volume 1. Note the reference to a “Code Commission” and to “Manuel A. Roxas”. Laurel was fond of Tagalog speeches, wasn’t he.

[Historical Documents] Inaugural issue of the Official Gazette of the World War II/Japanese-era Second Republic, 14 October 1943

Note: Every once in a while, I take breaks from bar review to look at historical documents available in the library where I review. Hundreds of Official Gazettes and legislative deliberations lay untouched and unopened, waiting for a historian to open them. I am sharing here in my blog whatever I find interesting, to pique the curiosity of others who may want to look further.


Source: Official Gazette, October 14-31, 1943, note that it is Volume 1, disregarding issues under both the Commonwealth and the Japanese-controlled Philippine Executive Commission.

Below are speeches made mostly by Jose P. Laurel during the inauguration of the Republic of the Philippines under Japanese Rule on 14 October 1943. The last speech is by the “Highest Commander of the Imperial Japanese Army in the Philippines”. Not sure if this is Masaharu Homma.

Parts of Laurel’s Tagalog speech appear in this newsreel.

The cover page of this Official Gazette issue, the Executive Orders naming “Diwa ng Bayan” as the national anthem and regarding the great seal of the Republic, and the National Assembly act creating the Ministry of Foreign Affairs may be found below:

[Historical Documents] Selected Published Trademarks in Vol. 42 of the Official Gazette

Note: Every once in a while, I take breaks from bar review to look at historical documents available in the library where I review. Hundreds of Official Gazettes and legislative deliberations lay untouched and unopened, waiting for a historian to open them. I am sharing here in my blog whatever I find interesting, to pique the curiosity of others who may want to look further.


These are a few trademarks which appeared in Volume 42 of the Official Gazette. This volume may have been published shortly after World War II.

[Historical Documents] Seal of the Batasang Pambansa

Note: Every once in a while, I take breaks from bar review to look at historical documents available in the library where I review. Hundreds of Official Gazettes and legislative deliberations lay untouched and unopened, waiting for a historian to open them. I am sharing here in my blog whatever I find interesting, to pique the curiosity of others who may want to look further.


I initially took these photos to upload to the English Wikipedia article on the Batasang Pambansa, but had no free time to crop and upload it there. I’ll just upload the raw images, unedited, here, and let someone else do the work. Of course, my prior permission and proper crediting are required. “CTTO” (credits to the owner) is not enough.

The Batasang Pambansa was the legislature under the 1973 Marcos-era Constitution.

Images were taken from the History of Bills and Resolutions, Fourth Regular Session, First Batasan by the Batasang Pambansa.

Batasang Pambansa